Medicare Part A covers:
- Most inpatient hospital care
- Certain care in a skilled nursing facility (SNF)
- Certain home health services
- Certain hospice care
You will not pay a Part A monthly premium if you are eligible for Social Security retirement benefits (meaning you have 40 or more quarters of Social Security credits — approximately 10 years of full-time work, 4 quarters per year) or Railroad Retirement benefits. If you have 30-39 quarters of Social Security credits, you may buy Part A coverage and pay a monthly premium of $252 in 2020. If you have 0-29 quarters of Social Security credits, you may buy Part A coverage and pay a monthly premium of $458 in 2020.
Topics on this page:
- Inpatient Hospital Care
- Skilled Nursing Facility (SNF) Care
- Home Health Services
- Hospice Care
- 2019 Part A Premiums, Deductibles & Coinsurance
1. Inpatient Hospital Care
- Up to 90 days of inpatient hospital services in each benefit period
- An additional 60 lifetime reserve days
A benefit period begins when you are admitted to the hospital and ends when you have been out of the hospital for 60 days, or have not received Medicare-covered care in a skilled nursing facility (SNF) or hospital for 60 consecutive days from your day of discharge.
Medicare provides 60 lifetime reserve days of inpatient hospital coverage following a 90-day stay in the hospital. These lifetime reserve days can only be used once — if you use them, Medicare will not renew them. Very few people remain in a hospital for 150 consecutive days. In the rare event this does occur, most Medigap policies contain a benefit for an additional 365 hospital days during your lifetime. Medigap policies are designed to pay the copayments below; certain policies also pay the deductible. Learn more.
As of 2020, Medicare requires the following out-of-pocket inpatient hospital costs:
- Deductible of $1,408 for the first day you are a hospital inpatient. This single deductible covers the next 59 days in the hospital for the same benefit period.
- Copayment of $352 per day for days 61-90 (after you have been in the hospital for 60 days)
- Copayment of $704 per day for days 91-150 (after you have been in the hospital for 90 days; these are your 60 lifetime reserve days)
2. Skilled Nursing Facility (SNF) Care
Medicare covers up to 100 days of care in a skilled nursing facility (SNF) for each benefit period if all of Medicare’s requirements are met, including your need of daily skilled nursing care with 3 days of prior hospitalization.
Medicare pays 100% of the first 20 days of a covered SNF stay. A copayment of $176 per day (in 2019) is required for days 21-100 if Medicare approves your stay.
3. Home Health Services
Medicare covers up to 100 home health visits per period of illness following a hospital stay. Additional home health benefits are available under Part B. Home health visits under both Parts A and B must meet the following conditions:
- A physician has certified you as homebound
- Intermittent skilled nursing or therapy services are required
- Services are provided by a Medicare-certified home health agency
4. Hospice Care
Hospice care is available for terminally ill patients. The goal of hospice care is to keep the patient as comfortable as possible. It does not provide treatment for the terminal illness. Learn more about hospice care (Medicare publication).
5. 2020 Part A Premiums, Deductibles & Coinsurance
The chart below lists the Part A premiums, deductibles and coinsurance for inpatient hospital and skilled nursing facility (SNF) care for Original fee-for-service Medicare. For a comprehensive list of Part A and B costs, see our summary chart, Medicare Benefits & Cost-Sharing for 2020
|If You Have||In 2020, You Will Pay a Monthly Premium of||In 2019, You Paid a Monthly Premium of|
|0-29 quarters of Social Security credits||$458||$437|
|30–39 quarters of Social Security credits||$252||$240|
|40 or more quarters of Social Security credits||$0||$0|
|Inpatient Hospital Deductible||$1,408||$1,364|
|Inpatient Hospital Coinsurance||$352 per day for days 61–90
$704 per day for days 91-150
|$341 per day for days 61-90
$682 per day for days 91-150
|Skilled Nursing Facility Coinsurance||$176 per day for days 21-100||$170.50 per day for days 21-100|