A provision in the 2010 federal health care reform law calls for changes in Medigap policies that essentially shift the burden of health care costs more onto the hands of beneficiaries. Several members in Congress have come to the unsubstantiated conclusion that because some Medigap plans (the most popular ones, C and F) cover most of the costs Medicare doesn’t — hence this insurance is referred to as MediGAP, beneficiaries use more services than they need. Therefore, they claim that Medicare pays more health care costs for these beneficiaries than others. To to help reduce these costs and hence the federal deficit, Congress has asked the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) to propose changes to these Medigap plans so that beneficiaries pay more out-of-pocket for their health care. The Congressional Budget Office estimated in March that such changes could save the government $53 billion in Medicare spending over a decade by strengthening incentives “for more prudent use of medical services.”
Yet despite this request, as written in the health care reform law, an unlikely group of health insurance regulators, insurers and consumer advocates are raising opposition to these Medigap changes. In several interviews with reporters, Bonnie Burns, our Training and Policy Specialist who also serves on the NAIC, points out some substantial flaws or blind spots in Congress’ thinking. First, she strongly questions the idea that beneficiaries need an incentive not to use services. After all, physicians are the ones who order services, not the beneficiaries. Also, although some studies have found that seniors with Medigap policies use more Medicare services, they may be sicker than the average Medicare beneficiary, which is why they bought Medigap coverage in the first place.
“To suggest that Medicare beneficiaries overutilize services on a whim because they don’t have ‘skin in the game,’ is pretty disturbing,” says Burns, as quoted in a recent article on Kaiser Health News.
Second, Mary Beth Senkewicz, Florida’s deputy insurance commissioner, who chairs the NAIC’s senior issues committee, which includes the Medigap group, questions the legality of making changes that apply to Medigap policies beneficiaries have already purchased. The policies are contracts between the insurer and the beneficiary which contain certain promises of coverage. When state regulators require changes in insurance, those typically apply to future policies only, not to existing ones as well.
Similar to Burns’ point of Medicare beneficiaries not being directly responsible for their higher health costs noted above, several members of this group have also suggested that Medigap policies are not responsible for Medicare’s growing costs. These carriers, the Medigap plans, only pay for services that Medicare deems to be medically necessary. Those determinations are not made by the Medigap insurance company.
Some of Congress’ proposed Medigap changes dramatically shift costs onto seniors, leaving members of diverse interest groups concerned for good reasons. Medigap insurance has long been a product that has worked well for many benficiaires, currently 7 million, which comprise about 1/6 of the population with Original Medicare. These policies have helped maintain beneficiaries’ peace of mind, knowing that they have coverage for the gaps in Medicare. Putting this coverage in jeapordy may not be the best or even a mediocre move to help save some money to help the federal budget deficit, especially when savings aren’t even a guaranteed outcome.
For more information on this issue, see the following articles: